Symptoms of fibroids may include:
Having periods that include blood clots or heavy bleeding between periods.
Experience pain in the lower back or in the pelvis
Cramping during menstrual increase.
urinating a lot
pain during lovemaking
periods lasting longer than they actually do
lower abdomen pressure and sometimes experience some fullness
abdomen enlargement and sometimes it swells.
How are fibroids diagnosed?
You need to visit a gynecologist for a pelvic exam, for a proper diagnosis, this actually checks the condition, size, and shape of the uterus. And at the same time, you should have a test that includes:
This actually helps the doctor to see the internal structure and any tumor in or on the uterus, as this (ultrasound) uses high-frequency sound waves that produce images of a uterus on a screen. The ultrasound that will provide a clear picture is a transvaginal ultrasound in which the ultrasound wand is inserted into the vagina, this is effective because the uterus is closed during the procedure.
Pelvic MRI this is another type of imaging where the test procedure show a picture of uterus, ovaries and other Pelvic Organs.
How are fibroids treated?
The age, the size of your fibroids are the factors that your doctor will focus on while he/she will be developing your treatment plan and your overall health and sometime you might end up receiving a combination of treatments.
This are just but type of Fibroid treatments:
Home remedies and natural treatments
Gui Zhi Fu Ling Tang (GFLT), a traditional Chinese medicine formula
applying heat for cramps
Managing your stress levels and losing weight if you’re overweight can also benefit women with fibroids.
Medications to regulate your hormone levels may be prescribed to shrink fibroids. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, such as leuprolide (Lupron), will cause your estrogen and progesterone levels to drop. This will eventually stop menstruation and shrink fibroids.
Other options that can help control bleeding and pain, but won’t shrink or eliminate fibroids, include:
an intrauterine device (IUD) that releases the hormone progestin
over-the-counter (OTC) anti-inflammatory pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil)
birth control pills
Surgery to remove very large or multiple growths may be performed. This is known as a myomectomy. An abdominal myomectomy involves making a large incision in the abdomen to access the uterus and remove the fibroids. The surgery can also be performed laparoscopically, using a few small incisions into which surgical tools and a camera are inserted. Fibroids might grow back after surgery.
If your condition worsens, or if no other treatments work, your physician may perform a hysterectomy. However, this means that you won’t be able to bear children in the future.
A newer and completely noninvasive surgical procedure is forced ultrasound surgery (FUS). You lie down inside a special MRI machine that allows doctors to visualize the inside of your uterus. High-energy, high-frequency sound waves are directed at the fibroids to ablate, or destroy, them.
Similarly, myolysis shrinks fibroids using an electric current or laser, while cryomyolysis freezes the fibroids. Endometrial ablation involves inserting a special instrument into your uterus to destroy the uterine lining using heat, electric current, or hot water.
Another surgical option is uterine artery embolization. In this procedure, small particles are injected into the uterus in order to cut off the fibroids’ blood supply.
What can be expected in the long term?
Your prognosis will depend on the size and location of your fibroids. Fibroids may not need treatment if they’re small or don’t produce symptoms.
If you’re pregnant and have fibroids, or become pregnant and have fibroids, your doctor will carefully monitor your condition. In most cases, fibroids don’t cause problems during pregnancy. Speak with your doctor if you expect to become pregnant and have fibroids.